Sunday, August 23, 2020

Philosophical and Political Aspects of Lord the Flies Essay -- Lord Fl

Philosophical and Political Aspects of Lord the Flies   â â Is sufficiently simple to make an expansive speculation about philosophical, political or even strict understandings on each book ( regardless of whether we consider religion here and there vinculated to theory), yet in all actuality the issue is a very unpredictable one. It would be so agreeable to decrease a story to a negligible wellspring of outside references and to lose all the subtleties that make writing an extraordinary marvel; Iâ'm not saying writing is just style however it must not be curbed to its substance. Furthermore, sadly, that is a run of the mill contemporary characteristic.   â â This not just occurs in writing; for instance, in childrenâ's movies, where the substance should be political unexisting, there consistently shows up someone who attempts to give the film a second political perusing, attempting along these lines to gauge its incentive by any emotional remark. It would show up then that a few manifestations need more intrigue whenever saw from an unbiased perspective.   â â The truth is that writing is definitely not a unimportant good eulogistic point. In this article we will attempt to differentiate a few understandings, basically concentrating on philosophical and political angles, including religion if vital.   â â various key issues emerge from the simbology of the book. The story is a moral story followed with extraordinary ability and permits the peruser to give the book second readings.   â â Firstly, we might want to clarify some potential implications of the islands as a representation. When surrounding the book on an island, the authorâ's motivation is to unreservedly explore different avenues regarding the characters and the ... ...oo when he wouldn't like to perceive being inferred on Simon's homicide.   â â Perhaps the motivation to be gained from this book is that we as a whole conceal a dictator, or a wickedness, or a dull impulse which must be yielded for living in the public eye. Perhaps those highlights are characteristic; however the person is likewise social ordinarily, thus the deadly clash could be inherent and unavoidable inside ourselves. 'The Lord of the Flies' couldn't be an incredible inquiry however an insignificant clarification of what we are. A clarification of mankind's history and a doubter message for the individuals who put stock in ideal world. Anyway, if negativity is an obstruction, it is additionally a test to be confronted; and by confronting inconvenience, in the event that you are not decimated, you will without a doubt look at that there is a great deal of truth in this basically, known yet overpowering expression: whatever doesn't slaughter you makes you more grounded.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Platinum Box free essay sample

Platinum Box is a Canadian organization that when begun in 1985 had practical experience in visual depiction. In1992 with deals of $5,000,000 and 20 workers the choice was made to have Platinum extend it’s activity to incorporate overlap down boxes. By 2005 Platinum’s deals had extended to $20,000,000 with 75 representatives. Jim Hicza, the President of Platinum has declared that the organization will venture into the United States. This is relied upon to twofold Platinums deals in only 3 years. So as to grow it has been concluded Platinum will be required to buy 5 additional presses. Jared John Hicza, Procurement Manager for Platinum Box has been approached to source a provider for the presses. Their discoveries have concocted three potential press providers that would address their issues. Jared should give data to make a proposal on if Platinum should buy the new Press’s required from their present provider (JabaKing, in which they have worked together and created associations with for longer than 10 years, or to source out another provider. Jared discoveries will suggest they proceed with their association with their present provider, JabaKing. Jared has put together his proposals with respect to an investigation of every provider including: †¢Environmental and Root Cause Analysis †¢Alternatives and Options (Including Total Cost of Ownership Analysis †¢Implementation †¢Monitor and control Issue Provide a suggestion of which provider to continue with buying five new presses with and what financing technique to use in buy so as to prevail in Platinums venture into the United States. Investigation Strategic thinking and limit: †¢Platinum anticipates venturing into the US advertise †¢Plans on being a full limit inside 2 years †¢Projects deals to twofold inside the following 3 years †¢Current limit takes into consideration 280,000,000 boxes every year (250days x 16hrs/day=4000 hrs/year. 4000hrs x 7000 sheets/hr = 28,000,000 sheets x 2 boxes/sheet = 56,000,000 x 5 presses = 280,000,000) †¢Requirements to achieve the above incorporate buy or five new presses(280,000,000 x 2= 560,000,000) Market †¢Current provider is steady of unionizing all print shops locally †¢There have been battles to get support from other neighborhood providers given their solid associations with other printing organizations †¢Variety of providers outside of Canada is accessible Contemplations for examination: †¢Quality †¢Performance/Operating Costs †¢Environmental issues †¢Labor Issues †¢Warranty/Lifespan †¢Word of mouth versus experience †¢Location †¢Design †¢Downtime and upkeep cost suggestions Each will be appraised, poor, acceptable, better, best Quality Merakuri-High quality, 150cm stock capacity Best JabaKing-Good quality, 125cm stock ability Good Pnutype-High quality, 125cm stock ability Better Performance/Operating Costs Merakuri-Performance:10,000 sheets/hr yield. Limit: .05/sheet x 10,000 sheets/yr x 16hrs/day x 250 days/yr = $2,000,000/yr-Good JabaKing-Performance :7,000 sheets/hr yield Capacity: . 07/sheet x 7,000 sheets/yr x 16hrs/day x 250 days/yr = $1,960,000/yr-Good Pnutype-Performance: 7,500 sheets/hr yield. Limit: . 04/sheet x 7,500 sheets/yr x 16hrs/day x 250 days/yr = $1,200,000/yr-Best Environmental Issues Merakuri-No data gave on this organization right now Good JabaKing-no data gave on this organization as of now Good Pnutype-Technology being utilized is known for being naturally stable Best Work Issues Merakuri-Unknown. Could adhere to various work rules based from being situated in South Korea-Good JabaKing-Is unionized giving knowledge that employee’s treatment will be checked. Anyway Unions can strike causing delays in administrations and greater expenses identified with being unionized-Better Pnutype-Non-Unionized, anyway would need to hold fast to work laws being situated inside the US-Better Warranty/Lifespan Merakuri-Next day administration on significant issues from merchant, Full guarantee on parts for 3 yrs. Scarcely any presses make it recent years-Poor JabaKing-multi year guarantee on parts and work to introduce parts. JabaKings presses outlast their given life expectancies. - Better Pnutype-Warranty on equipement for a long time for parts and work to introduce parts. Life expectancy is obscure as the press innovation is generally new. Proposed life expectancy is 10 years-Best Word of Mouth Vs. Experience Merakuri-Word of mouth says Merakuri has the highest caliber. They have offered an excursion to their office in South Korea for showing. Not many presses make it past their 12yr future Good JabaKing-Relationship with this provider have demonstrated their quality is acceptable, not extraordinary, anyway experience has indicated their presses live past their future Better Pnutype-Word of mouth proposes frameworks run solid, too soon to tell if presses live long-Good Location Merakuri-Location Korea, backing and leadtime might be affected due to being found abroad. They do have a circulation in Regina for help Good JabaKing-is inside nearness this is positive for JabaKing-Best Pnutype-There is no nearby help from Pnutype, area is in the US-Poor Design Merakuri-There ought to be no plan issue for this situation and Merakuri is settled inside the business Better JabaKing-With Platinums experience there have been no remarkable issues with the structure innovation Best Pnutype-The structure on this press is moderately new and could get reliant on this new innovation Good Downtime Merakuri-3days every time of personal time on normal 3days x 16hrs/day x 75 staff x $25/hr wage= $90,000/yr x 10years = $900,000 Maintenance $35,000/year x 10 years = $350,000 Total cost suggestions = $1,250,000 more than 10 years-Better JabaKing-4 days out of each time of personal time on normal 4days x 16hrs/day x 75 staff x $25/hr wage = $120,000/yr x 10 years = $1,200,000 Maintenance $20,000/year x 10 years = $200,000 Total cost suggestions = $1,400,000 more than 10 years-Good Pnutypeâ€No current information in the course of the most recent 2 years on any vacation, not a single support spending numbers in sight because of no vacation on squeezes Total cost suggestions = 0 base on this no one but presumptions can be made to be reasonable A normal of all out cost suggestions was taken and part in a third for Pnutype $1,250,000+$1,400,000= $2,650,000/3=$883,333 more than 10 years-Best Poor 0 pointsGood 1pointBetter 2 pointsBest 3 PointsTotal Merakuri152112 JabaKing043216 Pnutype122418 Total Cost of Ownership Analysis (Appendices A, B, C) A complete expense of possession investigation shows Pnutype has a much lower TCO however this is marginally slanted dependent on little data on the upkeep and personal time information. Pnutype has just been creating these presses for a long time, the 2 years have indicated no expenses for these. The expenses can return to be a lot higher, it may be savvy to pre-arrange an upkeep program with Pnutype in the event that they are the provider picked. Elective/Options Option #1-Select Merakuri or Pnutype as new providers Pros: †¢Quality is higher than JabaKing †¢Good Warranty †¢Lower Costs for Pnutype †¢Non-Unionized-no danger of strike †¢Higher quality yield Cons: †¢Location may cause issue for lead times and backing †¢Unknown if Pnutype can convey and bolster item †¢Unknown future for Pnutype †¢Pnutype TCO doesn't show potential full expense †¢No relationship with Merakuri or Pnutype Option #2 Purchase from Jabaking Pros: †¢Strong relationship †¢Known quality †¢Warranty is solid †¢Known Design †¢Second most noteworthy Good, Better, Best examination score †¢Second least TCO investigation †¢No requirement for plant visit-limit and quality previously demonstrated †¢Supporting neighborhood organizations Cons: †¢Unionized, can picket and increment the expenses †¢Repair costs are higher †¢No financing alternatives Recommendations Based on the examination I suggest Option #2 Remain with JabaKing Although they scored lower in the general investigation score and had a higher TCO, the TCO was dependent on Pnutype not having full information on their support and Downtime data. JabaKing depends on all data. This will likewise take into consideration Platinum to show their devotion and encourage a much more grounded relationship. Usage and Monitoring Who: P-Procurement, B-Board, When: I-Immediate, S-Short Run, M-Medium Run, L-Long term RecommendationActivityWho PrimaryWho SupportWhen 1Present discoveries to boardP I 2Select JabaKing as supplierBS 3Secure Financing with Labor Union BankBP-Provide any data and examination neededS-M 4Negotiate terms with JabaKing remembering conceivable markdown for future Press requirementsPB-will require approvalS-M 5On-going catch up with supplierPB-any criticism to progress or changes neededI-L For the achievement of the execution and observing of this examination it is basic the five presses be conveyed and in working request inside the following a half year. End The tight time allotment wherein Platinum needs to get the new presses ready for action, the best choice is to work with the present provider, knowing the help they give and the nature of their presses just as the support. This is the most reduced hazard alternative.

Thursday, July 9, 2020

Down Syndrome Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis - Free Essay Example

Down Syndrome occurs when a person is born with an extra copy of the twenty-first chromosome. The syndrome gets its name from John Langdon Down, an English Physician. In 1866, he published the first accurate description of a person with Down Syndrome; However, it wasnt until 1959 that Down Syndrome was identified as a Chromosomal condition. In 2000, scientists identified and catalogued the 329 genes on chromosome 21, opening the door to advances in Down Syndrome research. Down Syndrome has no known causes other than the something that causes the extra copy of the twenty-first chromosome to be present in the genetic makeup of a child with down syndrome. It is a natural condition and is not caused by anything the mother did or didnt do Unfortunately, there is also not much a woman can do to prevent having a child with Down Syndrome; however, according to the National Down Syndrome Society, the age of the mother at the time of conception is linked to having a child with Down Syndrome. As stated by the National Down Syndrome Society, eighty percent of children with down syndrome are born to mothers under 35 years old. There are three different types of Down Syndrome. Trisomy 21 is the most common of the three. It occurs when there is an error in cell division and the baby ends up with three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two. This error is the result of nondisjunction. Before or at the time of conception a pair of cells in either the sperm or egg do not separate. This extra chromosome gets copied in every cell of the body as the baby grows. The second least common form of Down Syndrome is Translocation. With Translocation there are still 46 chromosomes in all. The extra copy of the 21st chromosome is still present it is just attached to another, usually chromosome 14. The presence of the extra chromosome causes the features of Down Syndrome. The least common type of Down Syndrome is Mosaicism. Mosaicism is diagnosed when there is a mixture of two types of cells, some of them just have 46 chromosomes and some of them have 47. The cells with 47 chromosomes have an extra chromosome 21. Researchers have found that people with mosaic Down Syndrome have fewer characteristics than people with other types; however, that cannot be exact because people with every kind of Down Syndrome have different abilities. Down Syndrome is usually diagnosed at birth by certain features and characteristics; however there are tests to diagnosis the syndrome before birth. Chorionic villus sampling is a test before birth where cells are taken from the placenta and used to test the babys chromosomes. This test does not harm the baby and the chance of miscarriage is very low. Another test to be done would be Amniocentesis. During this test some of the amniotic fluid is taken from the mothers uterus. They then use the fluid taken to test the chromosomes of the baby. This test is usually done after 15 weeks of pregnancy. There is also a test that can be done after birth called a chromosomal karyotype. This test requires a blood sample in which the cells are tested for an extra 21st chromosome. A person with down syndrome may have decreased or poor muscle tone, short neck with excess skin at the back of the neck , flattened facial profile and nose, small head, ears, and mouth, upward slanting eyes, with a skin fold that comes out from the upper eyelid and covers the inner corner of the eye, Burchfield spots, wide, short hands with short fingers, a single, deep, crease across the palm of the hand, and a deep groove between the first and second toes. When a baby is diagnosed with down syndrome from the characteristics listed or some other type of testing, they will have it for the rest of their life. There is no treatment for any type of down syndrome, but special adaptations to make life easier can be made. Children with Down Syndrome have a higher chance of infection, respiratory, vision, and hearing problems. Forty percent of children affected with Down Syndrome have congenital heart defects, because of this it is important that all babies born with Down Syndrome have tests done on their hearts to find any heart defects as soon as possible. With the right care, people who have Down Syndrome live healthy lives. The life expectancy of a person with Down Syndrome is usually sixty years; however with the right care the person could live well into their seventies. Even though children and adults with Down Syndrome may have developmental delays, they also have many talents and gifts and should be given the chance to improve on and display those talents. Most children with Down Syndrome have mild to moderate impairments, but they are more like other children than people know or think. Early intervention, such as physical, speech, and developmental therapies, should be started soon after the baby is born because this raises their chance for a normal productive life in society. There are societies, organizations, and other resources to help people and families affected by down syndrome. There are several National Down Syndrome Organizations in the U.S. including the Global Down Syndrome Foundation, a National Down Syndrome Congress, and the National Down Syndrome Society. All of these organizations help to give information, support and advocacy along with improving the lives and promoting acceptance of people with Down Syndrome. References: Down Syndrome: The Facts by mark Selikowitz

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Defining Social Networking Sites On The World Wide Web

Defining Social Networking Sites Online networking can t be comprehended without first characterizing Web 2.0: a term that portrays another path in which end clients utilize the World Wide Web, a spot where substance is constantly adjusted by all administrators in a sharing and community way (Kaplan and Haenlein 2010). It has much more to do with what individuals are doing with the innovation than the innovation itself, for rather than just recovering data, clients are currently making and devouring it, and henceforth including quality to the sites that allow them to do as such (Campbell et al. 2011, 87). Web 2.0 has advanced from basic data recovery to intelligence, interoperability, and cooperation (Campbell et al. 2011). Kaplan and Haenlein (2010, 61) characterize online networking as a gathering of Internet based applications that expand on the ideological and innovative establishments of Web 2.0, and permit the creation and trade of client produced content. Sinclaire and Vogus (2011, 294) refer to O Reilly s (2005) definition: online networking is an expansive term that portrays programming apparatuses that make client produced content that can be shared. However, there are some fundamental elements important for a site to meet the prerequisites as an informal organization site: the site must contain client profiles, content, a strategy that licenses clients to interface with each other and post remarks on each other s pages, and join virtual gatheringsShow MoreRelatedDefining The Overall Requirements For Social Networking Essay1407 Words   |  6 PagesINTRODUCTION This document aims at defining the overall requirements for â€Å"SOCIAL NETWORKING†. Efforts have been made to define the requirements exhaustively and accurately. 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The ancient Greeks used advertising for commercial purposes and traders hired â€Å"Criers† to promote their products † (MMC learning, n.d.). â€Å"Marketing has been changing constantly throughout its course in history as like everything else in the world† (MMC learning, n.d.). Due to new advancements in technology and trends, marketing strategies are always being altered to fit the public’s needs and desires. â€Å"Some of these new demands include new tastes, new values, competitors emerge and laws and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Blind Side Essay - 725 Words

The Blind Side - Fact vs. Fiction â€Å"Lifes a maze, you twist and you turn through it,The driest of droughts, maneuvered and I earned through it† (Clipse). During the Blind Side, Michael Oher comes up from living on the `street to becoming an NFL football players. Throughout the film he is adopted by a new family who puts him down the right path in life. Although the movie The Blind Side is similar to Michael Ohers life, there are also many things that the movie changed about Michaels journey to add excitement to the movie. During the Blind Side there are many similarities that the movie got correct about Michael Ohers life. One of the similarities of the film and Michael’s life was that Michael really did block a kid over the fence†¦show more content†¦Another difference was that Michael was not let into the High School right away, but in the movie he does get let in. Michael Lewis also states in his article, â€Å"When researching The Blind Side facts vs fiction, it was revealed that due to Michael Ohers poor and nearly non-existent academic record as of 2002, the principal at Briarcrest insisted that he participate in a home school program for a few months first to get his grades up†. This shows that Michael had to do home schooling before being let into Briarcrest High School. All in all The Blind Side makes a lot of changes to add more excitement and drama to the film. John Lee Hancock’s choices in changing aspects of Michael Oher’s life added excitement and dra ma to the movie. For example, Hancock changes that Michael does not know how to play football. This adds drama to the movie because his adoptive family now has to teach him how to play his position in football. Hancock also adds excitement when Michael gets into the High School right away, when in reality he did not. 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Big Tony takes him along I think as leverage to get his own son in to a Catholic school because they can both play sportsRead MoreEssay on The Blind Side by John Lee Hancock1413 Words   |  6 Pages The Blind Side is written and directed by John Lee Hancock, and is a true story based on the book The Blind Side: Evolution of a Game by Michael Lewis. The storyline features the life of young Michael Ohery. The movie takes viewers on a journey with Oher through his troubled childhood, to his years at Briarcrest Christian School, to his adoption by the Tuohy family, to college recruitment, and finally to a position on the Ole Miss’ football team. The movie is set in Memphis, Tennessee. 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The characterization of the central character Michael Ohers being a big illiterate black African American teenager coming from a broken home and family sets the context for the rest of the film where he is faced with many barriers restricting his comfort and pushing him towards his total disengagement from the â€Å"Whiteâ €  Society. After the Touhy’s accept MichaelRead MoreEssay on Blind Side (Healthy Family Relationships)1012 Words   |  5 PagesBlind Side (healthy family relationships) What makes a healthy family? Well in the movie The Blinde Side it depicts the importance of family, and what parents need to do in order to raise a happy, healthy family. Leah Anne Touhy a mother of the memphis family took strong effort in changing Michael Oher, a troublesome kids life for the better. Leah brought Michael into the family as one of their own. Leah then saw that Michael Oher, was born into a family of 12, was held back 2 years in elementary

Mental Health Problem Among the Australian Population

Question: Discuss about the Mental Health for Problem Among the Australian Population. Answer: Investigate prevalence/incidences of suicide /depression in various age groups and risk groups in Australia Mental disorder is a major health problem among the Australian population. The National Mental Health Report 2013, has evidenced that it affected 3% of the countrys population. The most common mental illnesses are depression, anxiety, substance use, schizophrenia, bipolar, and schizo-affective disorders (AIHW, 2014). Mental disorders ruin individuals and families, causing a disastrous effect on the community. The illnesses disrupt cognitive, emotional and social abilities, leading to economic risks and decreased productivity (McLachlan et al., 2013). Mental disorders of serious types will result in the patients isolation, stigma, and social discrimination (Morgan et al., 2011). There is a general belief that mental illnesses, like depression, are caused by disruptions in personal life.. But, in reality, the real causes are unknown, as different factors act in association with personal life, something either recent or past, such as family conflicts, friendship break-up, failure in love-life and exams, traumatic experiences, and many more, can cause depression in people (Purcell et al., 2013). The Psychological Data Survey of 2012 provides necessary information about the different types of nervous conditions. It also reveals related data like impairments, patients and families affected, mental health services received or disrupted, suicide ideation, homelessness, demographic, and socioeconomic features (ABS, 2015). As per a research on STB, suicide attempts share 48%, while suicidal ideation accounts 38%. This indicates that societal approaches will not reduce the STB risk factors (Bruffaerts et al., 2015) causing depression, anxiety, and substance use mental disorders in 20% of Australians, aged 16-15. The prevalence of mental disorders in the children and adolescent of 4-17 age group is an alarming 13.9%, which means one in seven Australian children is suffering from mental illnesses (Lawrence et al., 2015). It is estimated that 23% of Australians experience severe and disabling forms of mental depression and anxiety. 4-6% of the population have moderate, and 9-12% have mild mental disorders. In 2011 alone, 754 deaths occurred due to mental depression, of which most were the result of substance use (DoHA, 2013). The indigenous population has a higher risk, the factors being stigmas and environmental factors (Kolves et al., 201). The reason for these negative outcomes in the health sector was due to the prevalence of psychotic illnesses in Australia (MHSA, 2016). A large section of women is prone to anxiety, depression, and other mental disorders. This includes antenatal and perinatal mental disorders. Though young mothers, smokers, low income groups, overweight, etc., have a higher percentage of perinatal depression, its percentage is very less, in highly educated and upper strata females (AIHW, 2012). Hospitalization and recovery measures Mental illness is a persons disturbed behavior and inconsistent mental working, because of neurologic conditions. Psychiatric hospitalization is essential to prevent them from suicides, and its rejection can bring setbacks (Loch, 2014). A short term hospitalization will help them from harming themselves and others, though they regard such hospitalizations as a violation of their rights (Danzer Stone, 2015). Therefore, it is necessary to infuse hope and recovery feeling in mental patients. All coercive measures should be reduced, and cooperative strategy must be adopted. Nurse interactions are needed, allowing patients to make choices of their own, within their capacities. Such interventions can reduce traumatic and consequences of involuntary hospitalization and medication. Building an honest and trusting patient-nurse relationship will invite patients cooperation in receiving medical help (Danzer Stone, 2015). Using current literature, discuss factors that may have contributed to the development of the clients presentation, mental health concerns and risks. Ensure you highlight at least 2 factors. A psychiatric presentation demonstrates a mental disorder, and its diagnoses are made with validity, specificity and inter-rater reliability. The treatment is achieved through scientific methods. However, medical illnesses can display symptoms relating to a psychiatric origin. After a medical condition, the symptoms of a particular mental disorder are identifiable for another mental disorder. If it is not diagnosed attentively, such a misdiagnose will place the patient in a dangerous position (Castro, Billick, 2013). If a medical condition is misdiagnosed as a psychiatric disorder, it can lead to complicated situations, such as denial of proper medical care to the patient, and allegations of malpractices, and ethics dereliction. It can also bring legal action against those practitioners for negligent diagnosis (Shapiro, Smith, 2011). Sometimes, it may become difficult to identify patients who have non psychiatric symptoms of their mental illness, as primary mental illness and medical conditions may exist at the same time suppressing the symptoms. These happen when there is traumatic impact of prolonged psychological or physical mistreatment, resulting in Neuro-cognitive symptoms (Pollak Miller, 2011). The medical condition discussed herein, includes physiological consequences of all medical diseases, substance disorders, and neurological disorders, resulting in mental health difficulties. Such conditions are visible in various peoples, who have medically risky behaviors. Their family history will reveal mental complaint accounts, elder persons with dual diagnosis, and people unaccustomed to medical advice. So, errors in diagnosing medical conditions can bring negative outcomes, ethics complaints, and legal action for negligent diagnosis (Pollak Miller, 2011). Risk factors The risk factors of biological, psychological, societal, and cultural levels can lead to negative outcomes. A persons genetic predisposition to alcohol exposure prenatally is an individual level risk factor. Effective treatment minimizes these risk factors, by improving the protective factors. The Strategic Prevention Framework can help the nursing professionals in identifying these risk factors (SAMHSA, 2015). Modifiable biomedical risk factors are dependent on behavioral risk factors (AIHW, 2016), whereas, variable risk factors relate to an individuals income level, peer group, childhood adversities, and employment status. Preventive factors alleviate the impact of risk factors, through improved social competence. Some of these risks and protective factors do not change over time. Targeting a single context, relating to individuals risk or protective factors, will not bring the desired outcome (SAMHSA, 2015). Most of the mental disorders are caused by genetic, psychological, and environmental factors. Medical conditions, like heart disease, diabetes, cancer, etc., can predispose a person towards mental illness. Environmentally, adversities in living conditions during childhood, loss of parents, poverty, parental violence, harassment, etc., are risk factors for developing mental illnesses (Edward, 2015). Using current literature, discuss the ethical and legal issues related to your scenario (ensure you discuss at least one ethical issue and at least one legal issue). Your work should include reference to ethical principles. Nursing extends preventative, curative, and supportive care to clients. They also provide restorative and palliative care, and maintain professional relationships with their patients, families, and communities (Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia, 2016). Nursing ethics affirms moral judgment, by protecting human dignity and recognizing patients belief, as well as privacy (Shahriari et al., 2013). For collecting information from Lorraine, the nurse practitioner, being convinced of own competence, respected her dignity to use her self determination, adhering to the Nonmaleficence principle of nursing. And, assuring no harm, gave medication, honoring the Beneficence and Autonomy Principles. Lorraine was given treatment equality, and extended quality care with dedication, resonating the principles of Justice, Fidelity, and Totality and Integrity (Phang, 2014). Ethical issues Ethics is the process of perception, critical thinking, and analysis of information, gathered from keen observation and experience. As such, critical thinking and related procedures are vital in nursing practice (Papathanasiou et al., 2014). According to the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC, 2015), nurses should honor patients confidentiality right. When Lorraine came to the GP surgery, she was emotionally inconsistent, and was presenting symptoms of mental disorder. An assessment of the disorder could be possible only if she could reveal her personal information (Scenario B), after committing protection of confidentiality. This obligation, being ethical, restricts the nursing professional from disclosing patient information to others. But, the efforts to keep confidentiality are overshadowed with all the information going to records electronically, posing a greater challenge to it. As per the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act of 1997 (HIPAA), medical institutions must protect the electronic information of the patient (Bord et al., 2014). Since, information technologies are developing fast, anyone can collect a patients information, and publicize it on social media, jeopardizing and breaching privacy and confidentiality (John, 2016). Legal issues Confidentiality is pivotal in building trust with patients in improving their welfare. It was on that basis, The Mental Health Act, 2014, was amended, incorporating mental health principles. According to it, a provider of mental health service must respect the provisions of the Act, and make it mandatory to provide the service in the least restrictive manner with apt supportive decision making, promoting recovery. But, how far this Section can be relied upon is still not experimented. However, it underlines that when people who are responsible make decisions, such actions need to have some risks too (Victoria Aid, 2016). In addition is the privacy and confidentiality rights. The rights demand cautious balancing to cope with augmented recognition of the support-peoples role in helping decision making (Victoria Aid, 2016). Health professionals are shackled with ethical and legal responsibilities to keep patient confidentiality. A breach of it will land the professional in disciplinary action and invite a lawsuit from the patient (Legal Service Commission of South Australia, 2016). Accidental breaches will be frequent, if assessments are done in open space. Likewise, utilization of computerized documentation will increase the dissemination risk to patient information (Blightman et al., 2013). Identify 2 nursing/midwifery concerns/needs with evidence from your chosen scenario. These should be directly related to the persons mental health presentation. Ensure you discuss why you have included these two particular concerns or needs. Your risk identification should be focused on the next 1-5 days of nursing/midwifery care for your client. Lorraine was tearful, restless, and in low mood, while diagnosing at the GP. She complained of panic attacks with suicide ideation. She was shaking, sweating, and breathing rapidly all the time. The author understood she was under stress, and having competence in giving medication, the initial thought was to get directions from the physician whether to give her a sudden relief, in line with the ethical principle of Beneficence. But, leaving the internal conflicts to subside, the author went through the clients presentation, took answers to the questionnaire, assessed it, and conducted the diagnosis. After clinical testing, appraised the treatment processes, and initiated the support systems, and contacted the physician for instructions. When Lorraine revealed that she was pregnant, the author was caught in an ethical dilemma, knowing that an antidepressant would give a sudden relief; but, the moral reasoning brought confusion, such that the autonomy and non-maleficence principles began conflicting with the Principles of Beneficence and Justice. Because, as per physicians direction, if antidepressants, like SSRI or venlafaxine were given to pregnant women predisposed to depression, it would increase risks in birth defects. And, if left untreated, it would bring adverse effects to the mother and infant (Pearlstein, 2015). Another problem was whether Lorraine would accept the medication, because, she revealed earlier that she had discontinued the previous treatment, due to spaced out. Moreover, she had stigma problems, which could affect her decision making. So, the author was doubtful about her capacity to hold its legal responsibility, and the reasonableness in applying the Autonomy principle. Therefore, the author adopted a paternalistic approach, thinking that it would be justified as supporting with the principle of beneficence (Bhanj, 2013). For each nursing problem you have identified in Question 4, outline and describe TWO evidence based nursing interventions to support the person and how would you do it? Mental health care promotes mental wellbeing of patients (Scott et al., 2012), through evidence based nursing interventions. Considering the state Lorraine is in, the author will communicate in a proactive way to calm her down, and build trust. After observation, she will be given a questionnaire to answer. An informed consent will be secured, and check again to know her voluntary acceptance of treatment and medication. If it is affirmative, steps for immediate interventions will be taken with the guidance of the physician to alleviate her mental health problems. The models intended for this purpose are psychological, social, biological, and biopsychosocial interventions. Psychological intervention This intervention encompasses counseling, conflict solutions, creative therapy, cognitive and spiritual interventions, education, etc. On the first day, Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) will be given to Lorraine for tranquilizing her, and lessen the chances of harming her baby. After medication, she can sleep, under observation by the nursing assistant (Zauszniewski et al., 2012). Counselling, education, training, conflict solutions, etc., will be done the next day (Zauszniewski et al., 2012). During the 1-5 days, the progress will be checked and recorded. If it does not work properly, systemic changes will be made. Medication will be continued, and if improved, the patient will be discharged, with instructions to continue medication. Social Intervention Social Intervention involves the patients environment and the stress factors. Counseling, environmental management, vocational and creative rehabilitation, skills training, home visit, etc., are priorities in this intervention (Zauszniewski et al., 2012). The treatment will be continued throughout the five days, and the progress will be recorded. The patient will be trained in vocational and creative activities. The medication, if needed, will be continued, according to the advice of the physician. Biological Intervention The biological model concentrates on activities, nutrition, medication management, etc., and seeks the support of psychopharmacology and light therapy, along with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Repeated magnetic stimulation improves depression (Zauszniewski et al., 2012). The result will be checked daily, and if the patient has no progress at the end of 5 days, guidance will be sought from the physician for systemic changes. Medication will be regulated, corresponding to patients improvement. Biopsychosocial Intervention This collaborative intervention model is an amalgamation of the aforesaid three interventions to derive better outcomes (Zauszniewski et al., 2012). The details of progress will be recorded daily, and medication continued throughout the five days. If illness improved, the patient will be discharged with instructions. During the five days, constructive feedback from the client will be obtained for all of the above interventions, by building up trust, harmony, and support. Special attention will be given to caring for the patients needs. A change in the environment will be done to relieve stress. Irrespective of the places, a discharge plan will be prepared for the patient, each day. References Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2012). Perinatal depression: data from the 2010 Australian National Infant Feeding Survey. AIHW: Canberra. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2016). Risk factors to health. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2015). Mental Health Statistics. Category No. 4330.0. 55.004, Canberra. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2014). Australias health 2014. Australias health series no. 14. Cat. No. AUS 178. Canberra: AIHW. Australian Nursing Midwifery Federation. (2016). New RN standards for practice released. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Bhanji, S. M. (2013). Health Care Ethics. J Clinic Res Bioeth 4:142. doi:10.4172/2155-9627.1000142. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Beauchamp, T. L., Childress.J. F. (2013). Principles of Biomedical Ethics. 7th Edition.Oxford University Press, Oxford. ISBN: 978-0-19-992458-5. Blightman, K., Griffiths, S. E., Danbury, C. (2013). Patient confidentiality: when can a breach be justified? Contin Educ Anaesth Crit Care Pain. doi: 10.1093/bjaceaccp/mkt032 Bruffaerts, R., Kessler, R. C., Demyttenaere, K., Bonnewyn, A., Nock, M. K. (2015). . Examination of the population attributable risk of different risk factor domains for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Journal of Affective Disorders, Volume 187, 66 72. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from 0327(15)30188-9/fulltext Castro, J. Billick, S. (2013). Psychiatric Presentations/Manifestations of Medical Illnesses. Psychiatric Quarterly, 84: 351. doi:10.1007/s11126-012-9251-1. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Confidentiality. Bord, J. D., Burke, W., Denise M. Dudzinski, D. M. (2014) . Confidentiality. ETHICS IN MEDICINE. University of Washington School of Medicine Danzer, G., Stone, W.A. (2015). The give and take of freedom: The role of involuntary hospitalization and treatment in recovery from mental illness. Bull Menninger Clin. 79(3):255-80. doi: 10.1521/bumc.2015.79.3.255. DoHA. (2013). National Mental Health Report 2013: tracking progress of mental health reform in Australia 19932011. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia Edward, R. D. (2015). Mental Health and Mental Illness. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from John, S. (2016). Information Technology and Moral Values, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2016 Edition). Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Klves, K., Milner, M., McKay, K., De Leo, D. (2012). Suicide in rural and remote areas of Australia. Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Brisbane. Legal Service Commission of South Australia. (2016). Confidentiality. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Lawrence, D., Johnson, S., Hafekost, J., De Haan, K.B., Sawyer, M., Ainley, J., Zubrick, S. R. (2015). The Mental Health of Children and Adolescents. Report on the second Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Department of Health, Canberra. Lawreform. (2016). Guardianship. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Loch, A. A. (2014). Discharged from a mental health admission ward: is it safe to go home? A review on the negative outcomes of psychiatric hospitalization. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 7, 137145. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from McLachlan. R., Gilfillan. G., Gordon, J. (2013). Deep and persistent disadvantage in Australia. Canberra: Productivity Commission. Mental health services in Australia (MHSA). (2016). Prevalence, impact and burden Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Morgan, V. A., Waterreus, A., Jablensky, A., Mackinnon, A., McGrath, J. J., Carr, V., et al. (2011). People living with psychotic illness: report on the second Australian national survey. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia. Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia. (2016). Professional standards. Registered nurse standards for practice - effective. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Statements/Professional-standards.aspx Nursing and Midwifery Council. (2015). The Code: Professional standards of practice and behaviour for nurses and midwives. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Papathanasiou, I. V., Kleisiaris, C. F., Fradelos, E. C., Kakou, K., Kourkouta, L. (2014). Critical Thinking: The Development of an Essential Skill for Nursing Students. Acta Informatica Medica, 22(4), 283286. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Pearlstein, T. (2015). Depression during Pregnancy Best Practice Research Clinical Obstetrics Gynaecology, Volume 29, Issue 5 , 754 764. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Phang, K. (2014). 7 Key Ethical Principles of Nursing. Nursing Community Journal. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Pollak, J. Miller, J. J. (2011). Mental Health Assessment-A Medical Perspective. Social Work Today, Vol. 11 No. 6 P. 6. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Purcell, R., Ryan, S., Scanlan, F., Morgan, A., Callahan, P., Allen, N. B., Jorm, A. F. (2013). A guide to what works for depression in young people; 2nd Edition. Beyondblue: Melbourne, 2013. SAMHSA. (2015). Risk and Protective Factors. . Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 behavioral- health/risk-protective-factors Shahriari, M., Mohammadi, E., Abbaszadeh, A., Bahrami, M. (2013). Nursing ethical values and definitions: A literature review. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 18(1), 18. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Shapiro, D. L. Smith, S. R. (2011). Malpractice in psychology: A practical resource for clinicians. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press. Scott, E., Sigerson, D., Kate Woodman, K. (2012). Evidence Summary: Public health interventions to support mental health improvement. NHS Health Scotland Victoria Aid. (2016). Introduction to the Mental Health Act 2014. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Whitlock, J., Muehlenkamp, J., Eckenrode, J., Purington, A., Abrams, C. B., Barreira, P., Kress, V. (2012). Nonsuicidal Self-injury as a Gateway to Suicide in Young Adults. Journal of Adolescent Health xxx (2012) 1e7. Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from Zauszniewski, A. J., Bekhet, A., Haberlein, S. (2012) "A Decade of Published Evidence for Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing Interventions". OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing Vol. 17 No. 3. DOI: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol17No03HirshPsy01 Retrieved 4 Sept., 2016 from

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Sparta Essay Research Paper The early expansion free essay sample

Sparta Essay, Research Paper The early enlargement of Sparta Sparta is a town located South of the Arcadian Highlandss in Greece. One of a figure of townships that arose on the Laconia field was Sparta, which consisted of Pitane, Mesoa, Limnae, and Conoura, all little small towns. Sparta so conquered other nearby small towns and took over the field of Laconia. Sparta, which may intend? scattered, ? was made up of places and estates spread around an country focus oning on a little hill that came to be named Acropolis. Sparta was unwalled, unlike other ancient metropoliss, until after 200 B.C. The Messenian Wars The go oning enlargement led Sparta to Northeast of Mt. Parnon to get the better of the field of Thyrea, but the Argives defeated the Spartans at the Battle of Hysiae. Sparta lost involvement in that country for more than 100 old ages. The enlargement led toward the West into Messenia a field which was settled by the Dorians. A 19 twelvemonth war began and the Spartans won. Then Messenia gave Sparta their extended land, and when Messenia combined with Laconia, the country was suitably called Lacedaemon. Everyday LIFE IN SPARTA: page 1 Male childs Trained as Combatants Sparta was run like an ground forces cantonment, life was really competitory, and the people lived like barbarians. This manner of life was highly different than the lives of the people that lived in other Grecian communities because they feared that the serfs, or their slaves, would revolt every bit good as other enemies. Spartans were tough people who raised their kids to be tough every bit good. The male childs had to walk around barefoot, and in cold conditions they were allowed to have on merely one cloak. They were starved and told to steal nutrient, but if they got caught they were beaten. This was to learn them to steal more expeditiously in the hereafter. The whip was portion of the upbringing in Sparta, and it was used on younger male childs by the older 1s during stealing competitions. Serfs were slaves that greatly outnumbered the Spartans, and the learning the kids to have was learn the male childs to run runaway serfs. This involves remaining in the countryside undetected for yearss and stealing nutrient to survive. Strength and bravery are necessary traits for the male childs to possess in conflicts against enemies from other provinces. They learn to fear authorization and make what they are told so that when they are in conflict they will non reason bids. In other Grecian metropoliss, the aged were non given every bit much power and regard as in Sparta. page 2 Spartan misss besides trained in sports. They were involved in running, jumping, wrestle, and throwing the discus and the javelin. This was so that they could raise strong healthy kids. Why Spartans despised Family Life Male childs do non ever g o place to their households at dark, and immature married twosomes were non allowed to be seen with one another in populace. Wife and hubby were non meant to go close. Work force of all ages ate in military musss and adult female were non about. That was because the differences created from being raised in separate households can do people dislike one another. Families tend to be loyal to themselves, and this can take to contending with other households. If that happened, Sparta would go vulnerable to the serfs and their other enemies. Encouraging Bravery by Contemning Weakness Spartans were banned from heavy imbibing because this would let the serfs a opportunity to revolt. All other Grecian metropoliss had relaxed and happy times because they did non hold the Spartan? s concerns, and they had spiritual festivals with mass inebriation. page 3 Humiliation was a common pattern to learn younger citizens. A adult male who failed to travel into conflict and battle courageously was made to shave merely one side of his face and turn a face fungus on the other so he could be laughed at and scorned. The Peloponnesian War Athinais wanted to make one province of all the city states and do Athens the capital of all of Greece. Their navy started to assail metropoliss to coerce them to fall in Athenian imperium. Sparta refused to fall in the Delian League, and Sparta, with the aid of other protagonists, formed the Peloponnesian League. The Peloponnesian War lasted for 27 old ages. Finally, a Spartan general, Lysander, defeated the Athenian fleet by a surprise onslaught in the seaport at Aegospotami on the Hellespont. Lysander so sailed to Piraeus, a topographic point where strong metropolis walls linked the metropolis with the seaport, and his ships stopped nutrient from acquiring to Athens. The famishment caused by this action forced Athinais to give up in 404 B.C. When the war was over, the city states were happy to be free of the rough regulation of the Athenian imperium, until they realized that they were in a far worse state of affairs so earlier. Spartan were rough swayers who were non trusters in democracy. The city states rebelled and the powerful Spartans were defeated for the really first clip by a smaller ground forces in the twelvemonth 371 B.C. page 4 The Three Classes of the Spartan State The three categories were the Spartiatai, or true Spartans, the perioikoi, made up of the dwellers of federated towns that surrounded the metropolis of Sparta, and the Helots. Merely the Spartiatai had vote privileges and a say in the authorities. The perioikoi carried on the necessary trade and industry of the state. They were non involved in the authorities, but did hold certain rights. The Helots carried on all the day-to-day work and Sparta was able to concentrate on military preparation. BY: Krystal page 5